The JAXA (Japan Aerospace Exploration Agency) has reportedly chosen Mitsubishi Electric Corporation as the contractor of the GOSAT-GW (Global Observing SATellite for Greenhouse gases and Water cycle) – the third in the overall GOSAT series.
As per sources familiar with the knowledge of the matter, the electronics and electrical product manufacturing company has already initiated the development activities for the project. Reportedly, GOSAT-GW aims to have two missions – one, water-cycle observation for JAXA, and two, GHG observation for Japan's Ministry of the Environment and the NIES (National Institute for Environmental Studies).
With the development of the GOSAT-GW satellite, Mitsubishi Electric will be in a position to contribute to various measures being undertaken to combat the disasters occurring worldwide, pertaining to climate change and global warming. The company, through this development, will also be able to push the advancement of technological and scientific methods that can enable a more accurate climate change projection.
Reports suggest that the GOSAT-GW will come equipped with TANSO-3 (Total Anthropogenic and Natural emissions mapping SpectrOmeter-3), that will help observe GHG concentrations – like CO2 and methane, spanning a wide area, and with excellent precision so that the estimation accuracy of GHG emissions is vivid. TANSO-3’s global observation mode will cover substantially large areas of the planet’s surface sans discontinuity, thereby enabling more observation points as opposed to earlier models.
Reliable sources claim that the GOSAT-GW will be equipped with AMSR3 (Advanced Microwave Scanning Radiometer 3) as well, in order to estimate the geophysical quantity of the planet’s sea-surface, water on land, and in the atmosphere. AMSR3 apparently will use more frequency bands as opposed to its predecessors, so that a highly accurate estimation of numerous hydro-geophysical conditions can be observed.
By delivering in-depth data for assessment of the effects that climate change has on water cycle, GOSAT-GW will thus contribute toward the myriad efforts in order to measure the impact that climate change lays on everyday life.
Source Credits: https://www.mitsubishielectric.com/news/2020/0330.html